|Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology current&nbs...|
Jurnale medicale Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology current issue
Enhanced sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-leak via ryanodine receptor type-2 (RyR2) contributes to the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Recent studies have shown that the level of RyR2 protein is elevated in atria of patients with paroxysmal AF, suggesting that microRNA-mediated post
Electrode-tissue contact force (CF) is believed to be a major factor in radiofrequency lesion size. The purpose of this study was to determine, in the beating canine heart, the relationship between CF and radiofrequency lesion size and the accuracy of predicting CF and lesion size by mea
We tested the hypothesis that alterations to action potential conduction velocity (CV) and conduction anisotropy in left ventricular hypertrophy are associated with topographical changes to gap-junction coupling and intracellular conductance by measuring these variables in the same prepa
The optimal contact force (CF) for ventricular mapping and ablation remains unvalidated. We assessed CF in different endocardial and epicardial regions during ventricular tachycardia substrate mapping using a CF-sensing catheter (Smartouch; Biosense-Webster) and compared the transseptal
The junction between the coronary sinus (CS) musculature and both atria contributes to initiation of atrial tachyarrhythmias. The current study investigated the effects of CS isolation from the atria by radiofrequency catheter ablation on the induction and maintenance of atrial fibrillat
Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) or ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the right bundle branch (RBB) is rare and published clinical data on such arrhythmia are scarce. In this study, we will describe the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management of a cohort o
Early afterdepolarizations (EADs) are triggers of cardiac arrhythmia driven by L-type Ca2+ current (ICaL) reactivation or sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release and Na+/Ca2+ exchange. In large mammals the positive action potential plateau promotes ICaL reactivation, and the current paradigm
Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia (VA) can arise from the epicardium near the posteroseptal region (cardiac crux). There are only 2 prior reports describing idiopathic VA from the cardiac crux. The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical and the electrocardiographic featur
The pulmonary vein–left atrial (PV–LA) junction is key in pathogenesis of AF, and acute stretch is an important stimulus to AF. We aimed to characterize the response of the junction to acute stretch, hypothesizing that stretch would result in electrophysiological changes predisposing to
The effects of time to referral for catheter ablation (CA) of scar-related ventricular tachycardia (VT) on acute success, VT recurrence, and cardiac mortality are unclear.
We investigated 300 patients after CA of sustained VT. CA was performed within 30 days after t
The magnitude of QT prolongation in response to bradycardia, rather than the bradycardia per se, determines the risk for torsade de pointes during atrioventricular block (AVB). However, we do not know why some patients develop more QT prolongation than others, despite similar bradycardia
Identifying factors predictive of mortality may be important to decrease risk associated with cardiac implantable electrical device (CIED) replacement procedures. This study aimed to determine whether clinical factors and complications independently associate with death and to develop a
Prevalence and prognostic significance of abnormal P terminal force (PTF) in the general population are not known. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of abnormal PTF and to compare clinical outcomes of middle-aged subjects with and without the PTF.
Left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular pacing site characteristics have been shown to influence response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). This study aimed to determine the clinical feasibility of image-guided lead delivery using a 3-dimensional navigational model displayi
Prophylactic defibrillator implantation is recommended in dilated, nonischemic heart disease and left ventricular ejection fraction of ≤0.30 to 0.35. Noninvasive testing should improve accuracy in decision making of prophylactic defibrillator implantation.