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Jurnale medicale
Diabet zaharat, nutritie si boli metabolice

Jurnale medicale Diabet zaharat, nutritie si boli metabolice

2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Previous studies have suggested that nut consumption is associated with beneficial cardiovascular outcomes. However, limited data are available on the association between nut intake and all-cause mortality.

Objective: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that nut consumption is inversely a

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Circulating trans fatty acids (TFAs), which cannot be synthesized by humans, are linked to adverse health outcomes. Although TFAs are obtained from diet, little is known about subsequent influences (e.g., relating to incorporation, metabolism, or intercompetition with other fatty acids)

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Limited data are available on the accuracy of 24-h dietary recalls used to monitor US sodium and potassium intakes.

Objective: We examined the difference in usual sodium and potassium intakes estimated from 24-h dietary recalls and urine collections.

Design: We used data from a cross-sec

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Previous studies reported beneficial effects of cocoa or chocolate on insulin resistance, oxidative stress, and inflammation, which are important risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). However, it is unclear whether chocolate consumption is associated with risk of DM.

Objective:

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Small birth size, often associated with insufficient maternal nutrition, contributes to a large share of global child undernutrition, morbidity, and mortality. We developed a small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement (SQ-LNS) to enrich the diets of pregnant women.

Objective: The obj

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Despite mechanistic data that linked fish and omega-3 (n–3) PUFAs with lower risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), epidemiologic data remain scarce. Fish and n–3 PUFAs are an important component of the prudent dietary pattern that is thought to be protective in the onset

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Early life may be a "critical period" when appetite and regulation of energy balance are programmed, with lifelong consequences for obesity risk. Insight into the potential impact of modifying early-life risk factors on later obesity can be gained by evaluating their combined effects.

Ob

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Most Americans consume more sodium than is recommended, the vast majority of which comes from commercially packaged and restaurant foods. In 2010 the Institute of Medicine recommended that manufacturers reduce the amount of sodium in their products.

Objective: The aim was to assess the s

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Breastfeeding has been shown to enhance global measures of intelligence in children. However, few studies have examined associations between breastfeeding and specific cognitive task performance in the first 2 y of life, particularly in an Asian population.

Objective: We assessed associa

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Intentional weight loss in obese older adults is a risk factor for muscle loss and sarcopenia.

Objective: The objective was to examine the effect of a high whey protein–, leucine-, and vitamin D–enriched supplement on muscle mass preservation during intentional weight loss in obese older

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the patatin-like phospholipase-3 (PNPLA3)/adiponutrin gene (rs738409 C>G) is strongly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; to our knowledge, no data are available on the impact of this PNPLA3 SNP on liver and metabolic outcomes during

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Compared with nonaerated, isocaloric controls, aerated foods can reduce appetite throughout an entire dieting day. Increased gastric volumes and delayed emptying are possible but unexplored mechanisms.

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that aerated drinks (foams) of differing gastric s

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Tocopherols were discovered for their role in animal reproduction, but little is known about the contribution of deficiencies of vitamin E to human pregnancy loss.

Objective: We sought to determine whether higher first-trimester concentrations of α-tocopherol and -tocopherol were associa

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: A dysregulation of reward mechanisms was suggested in the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa (AN), but the role of the endogenous mediators of reward has been poorly investigated. Endocannabinoids, including anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol, and the endocannabinoid-related compound

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: The storage of adipose tissue in ectopic compartments is a hallmark attribute linking greater body mass index (BMI) with cardiometabolic diseases. Despite ample evidence to confirm that increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) deposition occurs with obesity, the interrelations between alt

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Epidemiology associates whole-grain (WG) consumption with several health benefits. Mounting evidence suggests that WG wheat polyphenols play a role in mechanisms underlying health benefits.

Objective: The objective was to assess circulating concentration, excretion, and the physiologic r

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: Maternal obesity and weight gain during pregnancy are risk factors for child obesity. Associations may be attributable to causal effects of the intrauterine environment or genetic and postnatal environmental factors.

Objective: We estimated associations of maternal prepregnancy body mass

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: With the increasing focus on obesity, growth patterns in infancy and early childhood have gained much attention. Although the adiposity rebound has been in focus because of a shown association with adult obesity, not much has been published about the infant peak in body mass index (BMI).

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
2 Februarie 2015 17:30

Background: A reduction in key antioxidants such as glutathione has been noted in brain tissue undergoing oxidative stress in aging and neurodegeneration. To date, no dietary factor has been linked to a higher glutathione concentration. However, in an earlier pilot study, we showed evidence of a pos

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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition current issue
16 Ianuarie 2015 12:05
16 Ianuarie 2015 12:05

IN BRIEF This article reinforces the dosing guidance from the package inserts of available insulin products and supplemental information provided by the manufacturers of insulin products. It reviews and evaluates pertinent primary literature detailing algorithms for the initiation and titration of i

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Clinical Diabetes Journal current issue
16 Ianuarie 2015 12:05
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