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Jurnale medicale Medicina legala

5 Februarie 2015 22:00
On an outdoor homicide or rape crime scene, especially taking place in an open field or vegetative catchment, the deposit of human blood, saliva or semen by the perpetrator or victim is likely to occur in soil [1‚??3]. The incidence of child rape and gang rape in South Africa (SA) has been recognize mai mult
Legal Medicine
2 Februarie 2015 22:00
Accurate sex estimation of skeletal remains is an important part of medicolegal investigations, as it effectively reduces the pool of potentially matching identities and subsequently determines the most appropriate standard to apply for estimating other biological characteristics such as age, statur mai mult
Legal Medicine
5 Ianuarie 2015 22:00
Acute abdomen remains a significant cause of death in sudden, unexpected deaths among elderly persons [1]. Among the deaths related to various abdominal diseases, gastrointestinal hemorrhage has been frequently reported in forensic autopsy cases [1‚??9], and various lesions have been reported as the mai mult
Legal Medicine
7 Ianuarie 2015 22:00
The identification of body fluids is important in forensic investigations, to help determine the events that took place and to interpret the DNA results. Saliva is often found at crime scenes, for example, on cigarette butts, on the rim of drink cans, or on the skin of victims in sexual assaults. mai mult
Legal Medicine
15 Ianuarie 2015 22:00
Toxicological analyses are indispensable in forensic autopsy, not only for diagnosis of the cause of death, but also for detecting illicit drugs and investigating the background of unnatural deaths, including homicide, suicide and accidental casualties, as well as unexpected sudden deaths. The globa mai mult
Legal Medicine
20 Ianuarie 2015 22:00
A recent topic of interest in forensic radiology is post-mortem imaging using computed tomography (CT) [1‚??5]. Because postmortem biological conditions are different from antemortem conditions, antemortem and postmortem CT findings differ, leading to potential difficulties in distinguishing normal mai mult
Legal Medicine
2 Ianuarie 2015 22:00
The human mandible presents sex differences in the early stage of life [1,2], but the morphological characteristics vary among ethnic groups, modified by developmental processes involving lifestyle factors, food and skeletal muscle growth, as well as aging in adults [3‚??7]. Major sex differences in mai mult
Legal Medicine
29 Decembrie 2014 22:00
There are four Italian Mafias, namely ‚??Cosa Nostra‚?Ě (Our Thing or Our Affair) in Sicily, ‚??Camorra‚?Ě in Campania, ‚??Sacra Corona Unita‚?Ě (SCU, United Holy Crown) in Puglia and ‚??Ndrangheta‚?Ě in Calabria. [1] In the Apulian territory (a region of Italy) there are several subsidiary independ mai mult
Legal Medicine
22 Decembrie 2014 22:00
DNA profiling, also known as DNA typing, is a powerful technique employed to assist the identification of individuals by their respective DNA profiles. The technique is routinely used in many fields, including forensic sciences and population genetics. It is also used to identify remains in historic mai mult
Legal Medicine
19 Decembrie 2014 22:00
As members of the Technical Working Group Post-mortem Angiography Methods (TWGPAM), we read the article published by Berger et al [1] with great interest. As experts in the field of Post-Mortem Angiography (PMA), and first to describe the technique of Multi-phase Post-Mortem CT Angiography (MPMCTA), mai mult
Legal Medicine
19 Decembrie 2014 22:00
Sex assessment has a relevant importance in the reconstruction of the biological profile of human remains, and literature provide several methods for reaching a correct diagnosis on the base of different bodily districts, mainly the pubis and cranium [1]. However, both in the forensic practice and a mai mult
Legal Medicine
31 Decembrie 2014 22:00
31 Decembrie 2014 22:00
14 Decembrie 2014 22:00
Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (PMMR) have become important elements of forensic radiology. These techniques and are widely used in routine postmortem forensic investigations, supporting or in some cases even replacing conventional autopsy [1‚??6]. Based on radi mai mult
Legal Medicine
11 Decembrie 2014 22:00
We report 3 cases of suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH) found to be triggered by increased intrathoracic pressure and detected using postmortem computed tomography (PMCT). Case 1 was a man aged in his 50s who was found dead at a landslide site. The autopsy showed clogging of the upper respiratory tract mai mult
Legal Medicine
11 Decembrie 2014 22:00
Postmortem computed tomography angiography (PMCTA) has become a key imaging method in investigating vascular injuries from trauma and fatal hemorrhages following small vessel ruptures. Despite its numerous benefits, relevant questions have been raised pertaining to the consequences the injected cont mai mult
Legal Medicine
11 Decembrie 2014 22:00
Benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like substances (BZDs) interact with ő?‚?? aminobutyric acid (GABA) as well as the ő?‚??subunit of the GABA receptor in the central nervous system and produce anti-anxiety, hypnotic and sedative effects. They have been commonly prescribed by medical professionals f mai mult
Legal Medicine
11 Decembrie 2014 22:00
Aortic dissection (AoD) is the most common catastrophic event affecting the aorta in forensic/medicolegal fields. Hemopericardium is the most common cause of death in AoD cases [1,2]. Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) is particularly useful in cases of sudden death from hemorrhagic lesions, such mai mult
Legal Medicine
3 Decembrie 2014 22:00
Foreign body ingestion is common among young children. Up to 80-90% of intestinal foreign bodies usually pass through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and are evacuated spontaneously with no harm or treatment. [1‚??4] Magnet ingestions seems to be rare as between the years 1987-2010 149 cases all ove mai mult
Legal Medicine
26 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
The analysis of 12 X STR loci (DXS10103, DXS8378, DXS7132, DXS10134, DXS10074, DXS10101, DXS10135, DXS7423, DXS10146, DXS10079, HPRTB and DXS10148) belonging to four linkage group was done in 183 (100 males and 83 females) unrelated members of Bhil population. Heterozygosity among the studied 12 X S mai mult
Legal Medicine
26 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
Pseudo-Hirschsprung‚??s disease (PHD) is a syndrome manifested by intestinal hypoperistalsis similar to that of Hirschsprung‚??s disease (HD), including either an increase or decrease in the number and/or size of intramural ganglion cells [1]. Studies have reported PHD-induced death cases after chro mai mult
Legal Medicine
13 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
The authors regret that page 14, Abstract section, in the fifth and sixth lines from the bottom, ‚??0.43??PSL (mm)+143.67‚?Ě should be ‚??0.39??PSL (mm)+123.70,‚?Ě and page 18, Discussion section, in the sixth line from the bottom, ‚??0.43??PSL (mm)+143.67‚?Ě should be ‚??0.39??PSL (mm)+123.70.‚?Ě mai mult
Legal Medicine
12 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
Forensic anthropologists are often confronted with incomplete, mutilated or decomposed bodies [1]. Skeletal examination may be particularly useful for the identification of those cases because bones remain intact even when several years have passed after death [2]. Along with age, sex, and ancestry, mai mult
Legal Medicine
7 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
The analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region was carried in 85 unrelated Sariki individuals living in the different provinces of Pakistan. DNA was extracted from blood preserved in EDTA vacutainers. Hypervariable regions (HV1, HV2 & HV3) were PCR amplified and sequenced. Sequencing resul mai mult
Legal Medicine
7 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
Man has always asked questions about the essence of his existence and the secret of life he has been holding. The need to understand urges him to do continuous researches, incites philosophical and religious debates and scientific objectification of the macro and micro world. Identifications of huma mai mult
Legal Medicine
10 Noiembrie 2014 22:00
Acupuncture is one of the oldest therapeutic techniques in the world, and one of the most popular alternative therapies in China, Korea and Japan [1‚??3]. Furthermore, this technique has become increasingly popular as an alternative therapy in the Western World. An estimated 6.1% of the population h mai mult
Legal Medicine
28 Octombrie 2014 22:00
Recently, postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) has proved to be a useful tool for forensic examination, especially in cases involving trauma [1,2]. Imaging methods such as PMCT have revolutionized not only forensic diagnosis but also the documentation of evidence that can be applicable in court pro mai mult
Legal Medicine
27 Octombrie 2014 22:00
The ABO blood group system is one of the most recognized genetic traits in humans, and its antigens are of significant clinical importance, particularly in regard to organ transplantation and blood transfusions. The ABO blood group system has been used in large-scale disasters, to narrow down the se mai mult
Legal Medicine
23 Septembrie 2014 21:00
Thyroglobulin (Tg) is the precursor for thyroid hormone, which is secreted into the bloodstream, and it is produced only in the thyroid follicular cells, and most Tg is stored in the thyroid follicular lumen [1]. Tg concentrations are known to be high in cases with hyperthyroidism or differentiated mai mult
Legal Medicine
26 Septembrie 2014 21:00
A fire is an important cause of mass disasters, involving a spectrum of forensic issues, including victim identification, determination of lethal factors, and reconstruction of the scene to investigate the outbreak site and cause of the fire as well as possible survival. In addition to natural, indu mai mult
Legal Medicine
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