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Jurnale medicale Medicina muncii

9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Moshammer et al1 have recommended routine implementation of a temporary threshold shift (TTS) screening test to identify workers particularly at risk of developing noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) from occupational exposure to hazardous noise. Their work addresses an important occupational health p

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objective

Occupationally acquired noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most prevalent occupational disease in Austria and among the most common in many other countries. Because of the wide variation in hearing loss after equivalent exposures it has long been assumed that some individuals are mor

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Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Pesticides, including herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, fumigants and rodenticides, provide important benefits in public health, food production and aesthetics (http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/ag101/pestbenefits.html). Unlike most other important chemicals, pesticides are designed to impact livin

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Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

We examined the association of night shift work history and age when night shift work was performed with cancer and cardiovascular disease risk factors among 54 724 women in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) II.

Methods

We calculated age-adjusted and socioeconomic status-adjusted means and

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Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

This study aimed to evaluate the persistence of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus and multidrug-resistant S. aureus over 14 days of follow-up among industrial hog operation workers in North Carolina.

Methods

Workers anticipating at least 24 h away f

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Dear Sir,

With great interest, I read the study by Moshammer et al1 on the use of temporary threshold shift (TTS) as a predictor of noise-induced hearing loss. Many compliments for the authors for publishing longitudinal data on an important problem. In spite of years of hearing loss research, there

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

Chromium VI (hexavalent chromium, Cr(VI)) is an established cause of lung cancer, but its association with gastrointestinal cancer is less clear. The goal of this study was to examine whether the current human epidemiological research on occupationally inhaled Cr(VI) supports the hypothes

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

To assess the associations of acceleration force indicators (aircraft type and flight hours) with cervical and lumbar pain and radiological degeneration among fighter pilots. The PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched until October 2013. Twenty-seven studies were included

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

To examine gender and racial disparities in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality related to metalworking fluid exposures and in the healthy worker survivor effect.

Methods

A cohort of white and black men and women autoworkers in the USA was followed from 1941 to 1995 with quantitative

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

We appreciate Dr Grant's comments1 on our article2 and are pleased to have the opportunity to respond.

Although his comments on our study are valuable and constructive, we were unable to address the issues he has raised. The original studies included in our meta-analysis lacked assessment of vitamin

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

Tunnel construction workers are exposed to particulate and gaseous air contaminants. Previous studies carried out in the 1990s showed that tunnel construction workers were at increased risk of both short-term and long-term lung function decline. Since then, efforts have been made to reduc

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Background

Kerosene is a widely used cooking and lighting fuel in developing countries. The potential respiratory health effects of cooking with kerosene relative to cooking with cleaner fuels such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) have not been well characterised.

Methods

We sampled 600 households

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Without hesitation we cordially thank Dr Verbeek1 for his comments on our article about temporary threshold shift (TTS) at 4 kHz as a predictor of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL).2 This gives us the opportunity to discuss some important issues in greater detail.

Dr Verbeek correctly mentioned that

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

The meta-analysis by Gan et al1 found a slightly increased risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) for those doing shift work. Mechanisms given to explain the findings included disturbed sleep patterns, reduced amount of sleep and disruption of circadian rhythms. Other mechanisms included disturbed sociotemp

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Background

Six research groups independently conducted prospective studies of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) incidence in 54 US workplaces in 10 US States. Physical exposure variables were collected by all research groups at the individual worker level. Data from these research groups were pooled to i

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

While several studies have reported associations of daily exposures to PM2.5 (particles less than 2.5 µm) with mortality, few studies have examined the impact of its constituents such as black carbon (BC), which is also a significant contributor to global climate change.

Methods

We asses

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

Data on work-related ill-health (WRIH) in the Republic of Ireland is inconsistent.

Aims

To compare the incidence of WRIH in the Republic of Ireland (ROI), Northern Ireland (NI) and Great Britain (GB) reported by clinical specialists in skin and respiratory medicine and by specialist occu

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

The generic term asbestos refers to a group of crystalline mineral silicates that occur naturally in various forms. Because of their properties of strength, heat and electrical resistance and their ability to withstand corrosion by acids and sea water, asbestos was used extensively both i

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

Occupational skin disease is a common problem among health care workers (HCWs). The prevalence of occupational skin disease in HCWs has been reported in several international studies, but not in the UK.

Aims

To estimate the prevalence of occupational skin disease in a population of UK HC

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

Both solar and non-solar exposures associated with occupation and work tasks have been reported as skin carcinogens. In the UK, there are well-established surveillance schemes providing relevant information, including when exposures took place, occupation, location of work and dates of sy

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

While there has been considerable research into the psychosocial consequences of tour length for military personnel, this subject has not been studied in other occupational groups who also deploy staff to high-threat areas.

Aims

To carry out a comprehensive review of relevant published l

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

Shift work research has shown that the relationship between exposure to irregular working times and sickness absence may differ between working populations. Not much is known about the prevalence of sickness absence in flight crews or about the relationship between exposure to different f

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

Several studies have reported associations between cement dust exposure and adverse respiratory health effects, but there are few follow-up studies and no studies of respiratory health effects following dust control measures.

Aims

To assess changes in respiratory health among cement work

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

An audit of working age patients’ records in two Cornish general practices in 2012 found infrequent and inconsistent recording of patients’ occupations. A concurrent survey of general practitioners (GPs) in Cornwall found that a majority of them believed it was important to do so.

Aims

T

mai mult
Occupational Medicine - current issue
5 Ianuarie 2015 07:00
Background

Occupational exposure is estimated to contribute 15% to the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Welding fumes are suspected to accelerate the decline of lung function and development of COPD.

Aims

To examine the relationship between welding fume exposure and COPD in K

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Occupational Medicine - current issue
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