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Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
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Jurnale medicale Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue

9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Moshammer et al1 have recommended routine implementation of a temporary threshold shift (TTS) screening test to identify workers particularly at risk of developing noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) from occupational exposure to hazardous noise. Their work addresses an important occupational health p

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objective

Occupationally acquired noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most prevalent occupational disease in Austria and among the most common in many other countries. Because of the wide variation in hearing loss after equivalent exposures it has long been assumed that some individuals are mor

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Pesticides, including herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, fumigants and rodenticides, provide important benefits in public health, food production and aesthetics (http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/ag101/pestbenefits.html). Unlike most other important chemicals, pesticides are designed to impact livin

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

We examined the association of night shift work history and age when night shift work was performed with cancer and cardiovascular disease risk factors among 54 724 women in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) II.

Methods

We calculated age-adjusted and socioeconomic status-adjusted means and

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

This study aimed to evaluate the persistence of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus and multidrug-resistant S. aureus over 14 days of follow-up among industrial hog operation workers in North Carolina.

Methods

Workers anticipating at least 24 h away f

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Dear Sir,

With great interest, I read the study by Moshammer et al1 on the use of temporary threshold shift (TTS) as a predictor of noise-induced hearing loss. Many compliments for the authors for publishing longitudinal data on an important problem. In spite of years of hearing loss research, there

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

Chromium VI (hexavalent chromium, Cr(VI)) is an established cause of lung cancer, but its association with gastrointestinal cancer is less clear. The goal of this study was to examine whether the current human epidemiological research on occupationally inhaled Cr(VI) supports the hypothes

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

To assess the associations of acceleration force indicators (aircraft type and flight hours) with cervical and lumbar pain and radiological degeneration among fighter pilots. The PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched until October 2013. Twenty-seven studies were included

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

To examine gender and racial disparities in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality related to metalworking fluid exposures and in the healthy worker survivor effect.

Methods

A cohort of white and black men and women autoworkers in the USA was followed from 1941 to 1995 with quantitative

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

We appreciate Dr Grant's comments1 on our article2 and are pleased to have the opportunity to respond.

Although his comments on our study are valuable and constructive, we were unable to address the issues he has raised. The original studies included in our meta-analysis lacked assessment of vitamin

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

Tunnel construction workers are exposed to particulate and gaseous air contaminants. Previous studies carried out in the 1990s showed that tunnel construction workers were at increased risk of both short-term and long-term lung function decline. Since then, efforts have been made to reduc

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Background

Kerosene is a widely used cooking and lighting fuel in developing countries. The potential respiratory health effects of cooking with kerosene relative to cooking with cleaner fuels such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) have not been well characterised.

Methods

We sampled 600 households

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

Without hesitation we cordially thank Dr Verbeek1 for his comments on our article about temporary threshold shift (TTS) at 4 kHz as a predictor of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL).2 This gives us the opportunity to discuss some important issues in greater detail.

Dr Verbeek correctly mentioned that

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19

The meta-analysis by Gan et al1 found a slightly increased risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) for those doing shift work. Mechanisms given to explain the findings included disturbed sleep patterns, reduced amount of sleep and disruption of circadian rhythms. Other mechanisms included disturbed sociotemp

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Background

Six research groups independently conducted prospective studies of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) incidence in 54 US workplaces in 10 US States. Physical exposure variables were collected by all research groups at the individual worker level. Data from these research groups were pooled to i

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
9 Ianuarie 2015 12:19
Objectives

While several studies have reported associations of daily exposures to PM2.5 (particles less than 2.5 µm) with mortality, few studies have examined the impact of its constituents such as black carbon (BC), which is also a significant contributor to global climate change.

Methods

We asses

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Background

Between 2001 and 2010, five research groups conducted coordinated prospective studies of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) incidence among US workers from various industries and collected detailed subject-level exposure information with follow-up of symptoms, electrophysiological measures and

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16

In this first edition of Occupational and Environmental Medicine for 2015 we have introduced a new front cover. We have decided to retire the ‘word cloud’, which has adorned the front cover since May 2012. This word cloud was based on the frequency of words contained in articles published in OEM pr

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Objective

Serving military personnel are more likely to drink heavily than civilians. The aim of our study was to examine whether veterans have an increased risk of alcoholic liver disease and alcohol-related death compared with non-veterans.

Design

Retrospective cohort study of 57 000 veterans res

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16

My colleague Professor John Cherrie once said that we know more about the number of birds breeding in British meadows each year (see http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/BBSreport12_web.pdf) than the number of workers exposed to carcinogens in the workplace. It is clearly important to monitor bird populatio

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Objectives

To estimate the numbers of workers exposed to known and suspected occupational carcinogens in Canada, building on the methods of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) projects in the European Union (EU).

Methods

CAREX Canada consists of estimates of the prevalence and level of exposure to occupati

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Background

Office computer workers are at increased risk for neck/upper extremity (UE) musculoskeletal pain.

Methods

A seven-month office ergonomic intervention study evaluated the effect of two engineering controls plus training on neck/UE pain and mechanical exposures in 113 computer workers, inc

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Introduction

We evaluated associations between three a-cellular measures of the oxidative potential (OP) of particulate matter (PM) and acute health effects.

Methods

We exposed 31 volunteers for 5 h to ambient air pollution at five locations: an underground train station, two traffic sites, a farm

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16

Three hundred years after his death, it is interesting to speculate how much this doctor from Carpi's talent for clinical innovation and communication still relates to modern occupational medicine. Bernardino Ramazzini insisted that progress in medicine should not focus solely on physiology and clin

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Objective

The study was designed to investigate whether beryllium exposure was related to illness diagnosed as sarcoidosis. Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) and sarcoidosis are clinically and pathologically indistinguishable, with only the presence of beryllium-specific T-lymphocytes identifying CBD.

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Background

Carcinogenic aromatic amines derived from hair dyes have recently received new attention. One of these is ortho (o)-toluidine, which is classified as carcinogenic to humans.

Objectives

To clarify exposure of hairdressers to potentially carcinogenic aromatic amines, including o-toluidine.

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Objectives

Compare rates of medical insurance claims for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) between workers in a construction trade and a general worker population to determine if higher physical exposures in construction lead to higher rates of claims on personal medical insurance.

Methods

Health ins

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Objectives

The role of outdoor air pollution in the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. We investigated this question using a large, nationally representative cohort based on primary care records linked to hospital admissions.

Methods

A cohort of 812 063 patie

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16
Background

Observational studies suggest that shift work may be associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the results are inconsistent. No systematic reviews have applied quantitative techniques to compute summary risk estimates.

Objectives

To conduct a meta-analysis of observational studies

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
16 Decembrie 2014 12:16

We thank Dr Hardell for his comment1 on our article concerning analyses regarding head position of mobile phone use.2

In our analysis on ipsilateral use, we included cases who used their mobile phone on the same side as the tumour or on both sides of the head, cases who were not regular users (the r

mai mult
Occupational and Environmental Medicine current issue
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