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Jurnale medicale Psihiatrie

6 Februarie 2015
Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is recommended for the treatment of depression and anxiety. However, access is limited. Low-intensity approaches such as guided CBT self-help (bibliotherapy) can increase access to treatment and is recommended by UK guidelines. No previous research has mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
6 Februarie 2015
Background: The main objective of this study was to assess psychiatric morbidity among adolescents following the Omagh car bombing in Northern Ireland in 1998. Methods: Data was collected within schools from adolescents aged between 14 and 18?years via a self-completion booklet comprised of establis mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Depression is a common mental disorder associated with substantial disability. It is inadequately recognised and managed, and clinicians? attitudes to this condition and its treatment may play a part in this. Most research in this area has used the Depression Attitude Questionnaire (DAQ) mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Many of the assessment tools used to study depression among older people are adaptations of instruments developed in other cultural setting. There is a need to validate those instruments in low and middle income countries (LMIC) Methods: A one-phase cross-sectional survey of people aged mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Behavioral disturbances following chemotherapy with cisplatin are rare. Here, we report a patient with temporary loss of moral behavior in the setting of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for treatment of tonsillar cancer.Case presentationA 66-year-old Caucasian male with no psychiatric or vi mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Suicidal behaviours are major public health concerns worldwide. They are associated with risk factors that vary with age and gender, occur in combination, and may change over time. The aim of our study was to investigate how frequently patients visiting a hospital emergency room (ER) req mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: There is limited knowledge about how environmental factors affect the course of bipolar disorder (BD). Cannabis has been proposed as a potential risk factor for poorer course of illness, but the role of cannabis use has not been studied in a first treatment BD I sample. Methods: The pres mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Prenatal depression can negatively affect the physical and mental health of both mother and fetus. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of yoga as an intervention in the management of prenatal depression. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized co mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Although exposure to early life stress is known to affect mental health, the underlying mechanisms of its impacts on depressive symptoms among institutionalized children and adolescents have been little studied. Methods: To investigate the role of attachment and self-esteem in associatio mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Historically, the focus of Non Communicable Disease (NCD) prevention and control has been cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. Collectively, these account for more deaths than any other NCDs. Despite recent calls to inclu mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Insomnia is a significant risk factor for depression onset, can result in more disabling depressive illness, and is a common residual symptom following treatment cessation that can increase the risk of relapse. Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia has demonstrated ef mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
5 Februarie 2015 12:00
Background: Depression represents one of the most common psychiatric disorders among older adults. Married couples are affected frequently, and psychiatric problems usually affect marital satisfaction. Despite the frequency of such relationships, it appears that very few studies have examined the is mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
22 Ianuarie 2015 12:00
Background: Negative attitudes towards patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) may affect their treatment. We aimed to identify attitudes toward patients with BPD. Methods: Clinicians in four psychiatric hospitals in Israel (n?=?710; psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and nurses) mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
22 Ianuarie 2015 12:00
Background: Resolving the theoretical controversy on the labeling of an increasing number of excessive behaviors as behavioral addictions may also be facilitated by more empirical data on these behavioral problems. For instance, an essential issue to the classification of psychiatric disorders is in mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
22 Ianuarie 2015 12:00
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects many aspects of family life, such as social and economic burden. Little investigation of this phenomenon has been carried out in China. We designed this study to evaluate the employment and financial burdens of families with ASD-diagnosed preschoole mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
22 Ianuarie 2015 12:00
Background: Throughout the world, high prevalence rates of mental disorders have been found in prison populations, especially in females. It has been suggested that these populations do not access psychiatric treatment. The aim of this study was to establish rates of psychiatric in- and outpatient t mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
22 Ianuarie 2015 12:00
Background: Non-adherence to antipsychotic medication in schizophrenic patients is common and associated with symptom relapse and poorer long-term outcomes. The risk factors for treatment non-adherence include dosing frequency and complexity. Besides, slower dose titration in an acute schizophrenic mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
24 Ianuarie 2015 12:00
Background: Several studies have investigated the cognitive profile in patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and Bulimia Nervosa (BN); on the contrary few studies have evaluated it in patients with Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The purpose of this study was to compare decision making, central coherence mai mult
BMC Psychiatry - Latest Articles
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Introduction

Lymphomatosis cerebri (LC) is a rare variant of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) pathologically characterised by diffuse cerebral infiltration of a non-cohesive mass of malignant lymphoid cells. We describe a case of rapidly progressive dementia where MRI demonstrated a d

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Background

There is less data available regarding the characteristics of cognitive impairment in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in a population-based series.

Methodology

Patients with ALS incident in Piemonte, Italy, between 2009 and 2011 underwent an extensive neuropsychological

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21

A 46-year-old woman from Brazil complained about increasing headaches for 2 weeks. On admission, she presented with neck rigidity and disorientation. The cranial MRI was unremarkable (figure 1A). The cerebrospinal fluid showed 133 leucocytes/μL with 38% eosinophils. Serum anticysticercal antibodies

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Objectives

Since liver transplant (LT) was introduced to treat patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy carrying the V30M mutation (ATTR-V30M), ocular and cardiac complications have developed. Long-term central nervous system (CNS) involvement was not investigated. Our goals were to: (1) identi

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Background

The association between intracranial pressure (ICP) and different shunt valve opening pressures in relation to body positions is fundamental for understanding the physiological function of the shunt.

Objective

To analyse the ICP and ICP wave amplitude (AMP) at different shunt settings an

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Background

Limited data are available on radiation-induced myopathy (RIM) in adult cancer survivors.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the clinical, electrophysiological, serological, radiological and pathological findings of patients with RIM seen in the neurology clinic over a 11-year period (2

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Objectives

Alemtuzumab is a newly licensed treatment of active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) in Europe, which in phase II and III studies demonstrated superior efficacy over β-interferon in reducing disability progression over 2–3 years. In this observational cohort study, we sought

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Objective

Reduced deactivation within the default mode network (DMN) is common in individuals with primary affective disorders relative to healthy volunteers (HVs). It is unknown whether similar network abnormalities are present in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with a history of affective ps

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21

In 1908, Oluf Bang and Vilhelm Ellerman laid the foundation for theory of oncoviruses by demonstrating that the avian erythroblastosis (a form of chicken leukaemia) could be transmitted by cell-free extracts. Since then, it has been shown very convincingly that viruses can directly cause several hum

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Objective

Recently, several large randomised controlled trials about the treatments of cognitive impairment or dementia due to Parkinson's disease (CIND-PD or PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) were completed. Here, we systematically reviewed the studies (including the recent reports) to provi

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Background

Simple, robust, sensitive and clinically meaningful outcome measures are required for neuroprotective trials in Parkinson's disease (PD). We explored the feasibility of a composite binary outcome measure, ‘dead or dependent’, in such trials using data from a prospective follow-up study of

mai mult
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
14 Ianuarie 2015 10:21
Objective

We aimed to examine the association of apolipoprotein E (APOE) 4 genotype with neuroimaging markers of Alzheimer's disease: hippocampal volume, brain amyloid deposition and cerebral metabolism.

Methods

We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 cross-sectional studies identi

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Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry current issue
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